Tattoos have become so popular in the United States over the last decade. And with that popularity the desire to have them removed has become popular as well.
Tattoos are created by injecting colored pigment into small deep holes made in the skin. Regardless of whether a tattoo artist or an amateur creates the tattoo, it is relatively permanent. When people start seeking removal of their tattoos, they usually seek out tattoo removal clinics or physicians.
The Q-switched Nd:YAG is the most frequently used laser for tattoo removal. During treatment, pulses of light from the laser are directed onto the tattoo, breaking up the tattoo pigment. Tattoo ink and natural pigmentation like melanin absorb short pulse duration/high peak energy Q-switched pulses so quickly that they create a photo-acoustic effect within the pigment clusters. This effect breaks down the ink into much smaller particles that can be more easily removed by the body's natural filtering system.
Over the next several weeks the body breaks down the pigment and removes it from the treated pigmented areas. Patients should expect to come back for several treatments to achieve expected results.